The Female Factors

The Female Factors logo

Have you been waiting for information about bleeding disorders for women and girls?

We are pleased to announce that we have commenced publishing the new suite of HFA The Female Factors resources:

Telling others about bleeding disorders
A booklet for women, girls or their parents to consider some of the issues about telling others/disclosure about their bleeding disorder
(November 2018)



Female Factors information for young women
A comprehensive booklet answering young women's questions about bleeding disorders in females.
(October 2018)

Read it online or download sections


Finding out you carry the gene

A booklet about women's experiences of finding out they carry the altered gene causing haemophilia.

Finding out you carry the gene (PDF, 1.4MB. April 2017)


The Female Factors snapshot


An introductory booklet on bleeding disorders in women and girls.

A snapshot of bleeding disorders in females (PDF, 1.5MB. June, 2016)


  • Order print copies from HFA – email
  • There are also print copies available from your local Haemophilia Foundation and Haemophilia Centre


The Female Factors is the HFA women and girls project. The project is developing specific information resources for Australian women and girls affected by bleeding disorders to:

  • Increase their understanding of their bleeding disorder, treatments and strategies to manage it
  • Help them to feel more connected with each other by sharing personal stories and tips with others in similar situations
  • Develop high quality, evidence-based information that they can show to other doctors, nurses, etc who provide their care.

There will be introductory resources, and a series of more detailed information resources on specific topics. They will include personal stories and tips. One suite is targeted at adult women and the other is for young women and teenage girls. The resources cover topics related to carrying the gene for haemophilia and living with a bleeding disorder:

  • A snapshot of bleeding disorders in females
  • Diagnosis
  • Symptoms, treatment and care
  • Family planning, pregnancy and birth
  • Telling others.


What are the experiences of women and girls affected by bleeding disorders?

HFA’s consultation has found that many have been treated in the community, for example, by a GP rather than a Haemophilia Centre. However, most doctors have not received training about managing bleeding disorders. As a result many women have had problems with diagnosis and referral, and had bleeding problems with surgery, medical and dental procedures, with menstruation (periods) and after childbirth. Many women also spoke about their difficulties in being ‘taken seriously’ by health professionals, as some of their non-haemophilia health professionals (eg, general practitioners, surgeons, dentists) didn’t know that women can have bleeding disorders. This is similar to the experience of women with bleeding disorders in other developed countries such as Canada. (1,2)

For these women, feelings of isolation are common.

Read more about the findings from the HFA women and girls project consultation:



As a result of this consultation, HFA has integrated basic information for women and girls into our general information resources:

Personal stories

To support women and girls to feel more connected, HFA proactively sources and publishes women and girls’ personal stories about living with a bleeding disorder:

State/Territory Foundations

Many State and Territory Haemophilia Foundations provide information sessions and peer support groups specifically for women and girls.

Information sessions are developed in collaboration with their local Haemophilia Treatment Centre team and outcomes of what is learned about the role of women, their needs and preferences, and the benefits of connecting with each other can be very exciting.

Read about the HFQ women’s workshop for an example of this:



You can contribute to the project by joining the HFA women and girls review groups:

  • Tell your story and have it included in the new resources – it can be anonymous if you prefer – and you can write your story yourself or be interviewed over the phone
  • And/or comment on the draft resources.

Women and young women and girls (13-25 yrs) - contact Suzanne at HFA on


1.Haemophilia Foundation Australia. Women and bleeding disorders project report. Unpublished report, Melbourne, 2002.
2.Renault, NK, Howell, RE, Robinson, S, et al. Qualitative assessment of the emotional and behavioural responses of haemophilia A carriers to negative experiences in their medical care. Haemophilia 2011;17:237-245.

Date last reviewed: 5 December 2018