Getting started

When you’re deciding what sport or exercise is best for you, answer the following questions and discuss with your HTC or health professional:

  • What type of sport or activity are you interested in?
  • What are your fitness goals?
  • Do you have any injuries or physical limitations from previous bleeding episodes?
  • What are the risks and the benefits from participating in the sport or exercise you are considering?


Some sports and activities have more risk for people with bleeding disorders, particularly where there are:

  • a lot of physical contact or collisions
  • repetitive or extreme movements
  • high speeds or great heights involved.

Your management plan

Talk to your HTC team. You may need to have a physical assessment and ongoing monitoring from the physiotherapist. The team will develop a plan with you to decrease the risk of injury and to manage bleeding episodes and recovery. This may also involve:

  • modifying the exercise if appropriate
  • wearing the standard protective equipment and clothing
  • wearing well-fitting and supportive shoes, with the shoe laces done up to reduce the risk of ankle injuries
  • using extra protection such as bracing or taping, as recommended by your HTC physiotherapist
  • being prepared for emergencies, for example, having your ABDR patient card on you, and someone else who knows what to do to support you or in case of an accident.


Date last reviewed: 17 May 2021

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